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US Pushes Anti-China Message  10/27 07:01

   U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and Defense chief Mark Esper stepped up 
the Trump administration's anti-China message in India on Tuesday, exactly a 
week ahead of America's presidential election.

   NEW DELHI (AP) -- U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and Defense chief Mark 
Esper stepped up the Trump administration's anti-China message in India on 
Tuesday, exactly a week ahead of America's presidential election.

   With President Donald Trump in a tight race for a second term against former 
Vice President Joe Biden, Pompeo and Esper sought to play on Indian suspicions 
about China to shore up a regional front against increasing Chinese 
assertiveness in the Indo-Pacific region. They also lauded joint cooperation in 
fighting the COVID-19 pandemic.

   In talks with their Indian counterparts, Pompeo and Esper signed an 
agreement expanding military satellite information sharing and highlighted 
strategic cooperation between Washington and New Delhi with an eye toward 
countering China. The two men paid tribute to Indian troops killed in defense 
of their country, including 20 who died earlier this year in an incident with 

   "The United States will stand with the people of India as they confront 
threats to their freedom and sovereignty." Pompeo said, referring pointedly to 
ones posed by the Chinese Communist Party,

   "Our leaders and our citizens see with increasing clarity that the CCP is no 
friend to democracy, the rule of law, transparency, nor to freedom of 
navigation -- the foundation of a free and open and prosperous Indo-Pacific," 
he said.

   In a meeting with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Pompeo and Esper 
discussed the coronavirus pandemic, security and defense cooperation, and 
"shared interests in a free and open Indo-Pacific," said U.S. principal deputy 
spokesperson Cale Brown.

   Esper earlier said the two countries' focus must now "be on 
institutionalizing and regularizing our cooperation to meet the challenges of 
the day and uphold the principles of a free and open Indo-Pacific well into the 
future." That, he said, is particularly important "in light of increasing 
aggression and destabilizing actions by China."

   Just hours before the meetings began, the Trump administration notified 
Congress of plans for a $2.37 billion sale of Harpoon missile systems to Taiwan 
-- the second major arms sale in two weeks to the island that Beijing regards 
as a renegade province. China reacted to the first sale by announcing sanctions 
on U.S. defense contractors.

   Shortly before the Harpoon sale was announced, Pompeo met late Monday with 
Indian Foreign Minister S. Jaishankar to laud "the strong partnership between 
the United States and India," declaring it to be "critical to the security and 
prosperity of both countries, the Indo-Pacific region, and the world," the 
State Department said in a statement.

   Regardless of domestic U.S. election considerations, it is a critical time 
in the U.S.-India relationship as China looms large over the Indo-Pacific.

   Heightened border tensions between New Delhi and Beijing have added to 
Chinese-American animosity that has been fueled by disputes over the 
coronavirus, trade, technology, Taiwan, Tibet, Hong Kong, human rights and 
disputes between China and its smaller neighbors in the South China Sea.

   Meanwhile, India is looking to emerge from a shell of internal issues, 
including unrest in the divided Himalayan region of Kashmir, as it faces twin 
threats from China and Pakistan.

   Tuesday's meetings come during a flareup of military tensions between India 
and China in a disputed mountainous region where tens of thousands of soldiers 
have been engaged in a standoff since May. Trump has offered to help defuse 
tensions but has yet to receive any indication of interest from either side. 
India and China fought a monthlong war over the region at the height of the 
Cuban Missile Crisis in the fall of 1962, and some fear a similar confrontation 
before this winter sets in.

   Pompeo has made no secret of the Trump administration's desire for India's 
help in the U.S. bid to isolate China. Since Trump became president, the U.S. 
and India have steadily ramped up their military relationship. When Trump 
visited India in February, the two sides concluded defense deals worth over $3 
billion. Bilateral defense trade has increased from near zero in 2008 to $15 
billion in 2019.

   The talks in New Delhi on Tuesday follow a meeting that Pompeo had earlier 
this month in Tokyo with his counterparts from India, Japan and Australia, 
which together make up the four Indo-Pacific nations known as "the Quad." The 
Quad is seen as a counterweight to China, which critics say is flexing its 
military muscle throughout the region.

   Pompeo will head back to Washington by way of Sri Lanka, the Maldives and 
Indonesia, where he plans to press each nation to push back against Chinese 
assertiveness, which U.S. officials complain is highlighted by predatory 
lending and development projects that benefit China more than the presumed 

   The Chinese Embassy in Sri Lanka denounced Pompeo's visit to the island even 
before he arrived there, denouncing a senior U.S. official's warning that the 
country should be wary of Chinese investment.

   "We encourage Sri Lanka to review the options we offer for transparent and 
sustainable economic development in contrast to discriminatory and opaque 
practices," the top U.S. diplomat for South Asia, Dean Thompson, said last 
week. "We urge Sri Lanka to make difficult but necessary decisions to secure 
its economic independence for long-term prosperity, and we stand ready to 
partner with Sri Lanka for its economic development and growth."

   The Chinese Embassy said the comments were a blatant violation of diplomatic 
protocols and also chided the U.S. for organizing Pompeo's 24-hour visit and 
imposing a major logistical burden on the country, which is the midst of the 
coronavirus pandemic. "Does this approach truly prove your respect to the host 
country? Is it helpful to local epidemic prevention and control? Is it in the 
interests of the Sri Lankan people?" the embassy said in a statement.

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